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Heart Attack and Angina

Heart Attack and Angina

A heart attack is

Blood unable to leave the heart
Narrowing of the arteries
Blockage in the coronary arteries
Missed beat of the heart

Someone suffering from a heart attack would likely be

Flushed with dry skin
Flushed with clammy skin
Pale/ashen with clammy skin
Pale/ashen with dry skin

Casualty suffering from a heart attack will complain of pain

Jaw, back and shoulders
Centre of the chest
Down the arm/arms
All of the above

Angina is

Blood is unable to leave the heart
Narrowing of the arteries
Blockage in the coronary arteries
Missed beat of the heart

A symptom of an angina attack is

The pain will get steadily worse
The pain will only be felt in the left arm
The pain will fade with rest
Glycerol Tri Nitrate (GTN) has no effect

Management of a casualty with a suspected heart attack or angina includes

Walking around to encourage circulation
Treating for shock, lying down with legs raised
Sitting up in a comfortable chair
Complete rest, sitting with the head and knees raised

During a heart attack the casualty will usually experience pain

In the centre of the chest
In the back of the neck
Down the left leg
In the abdomen

Glycerol Tri Nitrate (GTN)

Causes the heart to beat faster
Blocks the pain
Dilates (opens) the blood vessels
Repairs damaged heart cells



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