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Sprains, Strains, Fractures and Dislocations

Sprains, Strains, Fractures and Dislocations

A sprain is

A broken bone
A joint out of position
An injury to a joint
An injury to a muscle

A strain is

A broken bone
A joint out of position
An injury to a joint
An injury to a muscle

The treatment of a sprain or strain is

Raise, immobilise, conforming bandage, examine
Rest, ice, compression bandage, elevate
Rest, immobilise, comfort, elevate
Raise, ice, comfort, examine

A fracture is a

Crack in the bone
Chip in the bone
Break in the bone
Any of the above

Treatment of a fracture includes

Leaving wounds open so as not to put pressure on the injury
Straighten any leg fracture
Apply splints
Immobilise

A dislocation is

A broken bone
A joint out of position
An injury to a joint
An injury to a muscle

When managing a dislocation you should not

Reassure the casualty
Reset the dislocation
Seek medical help
Support/immobilise the injury

A fracture can be caused by

Direct impact
Landing heavily on the heels
Severe muscular contraction
All of the above

An ice pack or cold compress should be applied to a sprain or strain for a maximum of

5 minutes
10 minutes
15 minutes
20 minutes

When managing a fracture you should not

Reassure the casualty
Treat for shock
Move limbs to their natural position
Dress any wounds



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